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Destination Guides


Arizona

General   Weather   Airports   Attractions   Activities  

Introduction

Saguaro National Park ©Saguaro Pictures

Visits to Arizona are generally limited to the northwestern corner of the state that encompasses one of the great natural wonders of the world, the awe-inspiring Grand Canyon. Although a major tourist attraction, it need not be the only reason to visit this ruggedly beautiful state.


Arizona has 27 State Parks and numerous natural wonders that provide access to a wide variety of activities, fauna and flora, and landscapes. The Sonoran Desert and Sagauro National Park feature typical desert scenery, with canyons, red cliffs and sandstone pinnacles, coyotes and rattlesnakes, and the giant multi-armed cacti that typify the Arizonian landscape. The Painted Desert and the magnificent sandstone spires of Monument Valley in the northeast, the spectacular Red Rock Country of Sedona, and the mountains and forests of Flagstaff, are just some of Arizona's special natural attractions.


The desert is also home of the Wild West, the land of cowboys and Indians, prospectors, gamblers and dusty towns. The character of the Old West is epitomised in the old mining town of Tombstone, the site of the famous shootout at the OK Corral, where today staged gunfights, swinging saloon doors and old wooden buildings still bring to life the harsh cowboy past for visitors.


But Arizona is not only about deserts, cowboys and natural wonders. Two of the state's biggest metropolises are in the desert: the cities of Phoenix and Tucson, offering 21st-century comforts such as luxurious resorts, shopping plazas and golf courses. And air-con, which can be a big draw! The region's continuous sunshine and dry desert air have attracted thousands of people with its restorative properties and expensive health spas, and made it one of the most popular places to retire in the US.


Outside the cities, the Native Americans who have lived in Arizona for centuries make up the majority of the population, and more than a third of the land is encompassed within Indian Reservations. Northeast Arizona is known as Indian country, where the Navajo and the traditional Hopi tribal groups reside, and is where the beautiful Canyon de Chelly, and numerous Ancestral Puebloan sites are to be found in the cliff walls and valleys. The Apache live in the southeastern mountains and were the last tribal group to concede to the US government. For those interested in Native American heritage Arizona is the ideal travel destination.


Climate Info

Arizona has mild winters and hot summers, with thunderstorms during the summer months between July and September. Great extremes in temperatures occur between day and night throughout the state, particularly in the desert areas where daytime temperatures over 125°F (52°C) have been recorded. During winter temperatures average about 70°F (21°C), dropping to below freezing in the desert valleys at night; and summer temperatures can vary from 80°F (27°C) during the day to 40°F (4°C) at night. Snow falls in the mountains, but not in the desert areas, and the mild temperatures in the southern desert attract many tourists in winter.


Getting Around

Phoenix is spread out, and distances between places of interest to visitors tend to be significant; therefore, outside of the downtown area, a rental car is ideal. However, the METRO light rail in Phoenix is one of the busiest light rail systems in the country, and has made getting around much easier for visitors. Valley Metro buses access areas the light rail doesn't reach and the rail and bus routes have the same basic fares: adult fares start at $2 and tickets can be purchased from vending machines at all stations. There is also a free central city shuttle bus service, called DASH (Downtown Area Shuttle), which is useful for accessing attractions like the state capitol and major shopping malls. Taxis are freely available from local companies but tend to be expensive and are not recommended for travelling long distances.


Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (PHX)

LocationThe airport is situated three miles (5km) southeast of Phoenix.
Time DifferenceGMT -7.
Contacts

Tel: +1 602 273 3300.

Transfer terminals

The three terminals (Terminals 2, 3 and 4) are connected by a free inter-terminal train system, the PHX Sky Train.

Getting to city

The PHX SkyTrain transports passengers between terminals, parking lots, and the 44th Street METRO Light Rail, from where it is possible to connect to the city centre, all free of charge. The Valley Metro system, consisting of the METRO Light Rail and a fleet of buses, charges a standard fare of $2 for an adult. Airport-to-door Supershuttle vans also travel to the Phoenix city centre. Many hotels and resorts provide a free pick-up service for their guests, and taxis and limousines are also available for hire at the airport.

Car Rental

Car rental companies include Advantage, Alamo, Avis, Budget, Dollar, Enterprise, Fox, National, Hertz, Payless and Thrifty, among others.

Airpor Taxis

Metered taxis are available outside each terminal. The journey to the city centre takes about 10 minutes and the minimum charge for an airport pick-up is $15.

Airport Facilities

Facilities include shops, restaurants, pet parks, ATMs, currency exchange facilities, free wifi, mailboxes, and ground transportation facilities. All terminals are fully wheelchair accessible.

Car Parking

Parking at Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport starts at $4 per hour with a range of daily maximums depending upon proximity of the car park to the terminals. The outlying car parks are connected to the terminal via free shuttles that operate at ten-minute intervals. A free cell phone waiting lot is also provided.

Websitewww.phxskyharbor.com


Tucson International Airport (TUS)

LocationThe airport is situated eight miles (13km) south of downtown Tucson.
Time DifferenceGMT -7
Contacts

Tel: +1 520 573-8100; Fax: +1 609 771-0732; Email: flyttn@mercercounty.org

Getting to city

The Sun Tran bus company operates service into Tucson from the airport on two routes. A standard Sun Tran bus fare is $1.50. Airport shuttles, taxis and rental cars are also available.

Car Rental

Car rental agencies based at Tucson Airport include Alamo, Avis, Budget, Enterprise, Dollar, Hertz and National. Counters are located in the Rental Car Facility immediately adjacent to the terminal.

Airpor Taxis

There are taxis located on the commercial roadway on the lower level in front of the terminal. Rates are about $2.25 per mile, with the meter starting at $4.50.

Airport Facilities

There are various dining and shopping options located within the terminal, as well as ATMs, mailboxes, smoking areas, a pet relief area, meeting rooms, massage chairs, shoeshine services and a lost and found.

Car Parking

In the garage parking costs $3 per hour, up to a daily maximum of $9. In the Hourly and Daily parking it costs $1 per half hour ($1.50 per hour after the first hour in the daily lot), up to a daily maximum of $9 or $12 respectively. In the Economy Lot, rates are $4 per day. A shuttle services the Economy Lot, but all other parking options are within walking distance of the terminal.

Websitewww.flytucson.com


Tombstone


Tombstone is probably the most famous town in the Wild West, and attracts thousands of tourists with its old wooden, Western-style buildings, swinging saloon doors, stagecoach rides, gunslingers, dusty streets and shootout re-enactments. Many Hollywood movies have been shot here against
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Allen Street ©Gromb



The Grand Canyon


A mile deep, 277 miles (446km) long, and up to 18 miles (29km) wide, the breath-taking grandeur of the Grand Canyon is so impressive that words simply cannot do it justice. One of the great natural wonders of the world, it was formed by the cutting action of the Colorado River over milli
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Grand Canyon ©John Kees



Taliesin West


Taliesin West was legendary architect Frank Lloyd Wright's winter home and school from 1937 until he died in 1959, aged 91. Today the facility can be visited as the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation with tours providing a general introduction to Wright and his hugely influential theories of
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Taliesin West ©Lar



Desert Botanical Garden


If you don't particularly like cacti before your visit, there is a good chance you'll fall in love with them by the time you leave. These Desert Botanical Gardens get high ratings not only for the size and range of the botanical collection - about 21,000 plants, representing 139 species
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Desert Botanical Garden ©Dave Pape



Heard Museum


The Heard Museum is home to America's finest collection of Native American art, making this an essential attraction for visitors looking to gain an understanding of the West's original inhabitants. In total there are more than 39,000 works of cultural and fine art ranging across textiles
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The Heard Museum ©Kirs10



University of Arizona Art Museum


As part of the Edward J. Gallagher Memorial Collection, the University of Arizona Art Museum, situated on campus, is home to an impressive permanent collection including works by Jackson Pollock, Franz Kline and Mark Rothko. The museum houses the C. Leonard Pfeiffer Collection of America
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University of Arizona ©Huperphuff



Tucson Rodeo Parade Museum


At the Tucson Rodeo Parade Museum, pioneer artefacts and a re-created Western Main Street represent what Tucson looked like, and what it had to offer in the way of businesses and services, back in the old days of the Wild West. The museum also has an inventory of about 150 vehicles, with
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Tucson Rodeo ©Woody Hibbard



The Mission San Xavier del Bac


This historic Spanish mission in the Tohono O'odham Nation Reservation is located 10 miles (16km) south of the city (a 20-minute drive) and was founded by Father Kino in the 1660s. The present church, a remarkable building, dates back to the 18th century and remains the oldest intact Eur
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Mission San Xavier del Bac ©Frank Kovalchek



DeGrazia Gallery in the Sun


The DeGrazia Gallery in the Sun is an iconic Tucson landmark located at the base of the Santa Catalina Mountains. Established by the famous artist, Ettore DeGrazia, the property is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and features a museum of DeGrazia's work and an adobe ch
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DeGrazia Gallery in the Sun ©Sonoflightning



Trail Dust Town


Trail Dust Town is built on the site of a 1950s Western movie set and is home to a vintage 1920s carousel and a museum dedicated to Western cavalry and dragoon military units. Designed as a replica of a 19th-century Western town, it has Old West souvenir shops, galleries and restaurants
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Trail Dust Town ©MadMaxMarchHare



Colossal Cave Mountain Park


In 1923, the first proper tours of Colossal Cave were conducted using ropes and lanterns; today more advanced options are offered. The cave is considered dry or dormant as it is no longer 'growing' crystal formations, due to a lack of water. The preserved stalagmites, stalactites and flo
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Colossal Cave ©Bill Morrow



Kartchner Caverns State Park


Kartchner Caverns State Park is home to one of the great natural wonders of the American west. There is no known record of the huge living cave being seen before the 1970s and the pristine conditions within have been carefully preserved. A remarkable feature of this cave is that it's a '
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Kartchner Caverns State Park ©Mike Lewis



Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum


This world-renowned museum is more like a zoo, showcasing the surrounding desert's creatures in their natural habitats. Exhibits include mountain lions, otters, coyotes, bighorn sheep and lizards, and there's a walk-in aviary. Located in the Sonoran Desert, the setting of the museum also
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Mountain Lion ©Stephen Lea



Sabino Canyon


Of the many natural attractions in the Tucson vicinity, Sabino Canyon is one of the most popular. This gaping divide in the Santa Catalina Mountains is the site where ancient Hohokam people constructed irrigation dams while mammoths still roamed the area. After a six-mile (9.6km) hike, e
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Bear Canyon Trail ©Jon Abbott



Tucson Botanical Gardens


The Tucson Botanical Gardens is a major attraction, and not just for the rich collection of cacti and desert wildflowers. An educational walk highlights the history of the native Tohono O'odham Indians and the work local scientists have done to preserve native seeds. Be sure to visit the
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Cactus Bloom ©Kathy Kimpel



Philabaum Glass


Tom Philabaum is well known as one of America's foremost glass artists, with exhibits throughout the Western world. His gallery showcases and justifies this reputation with examples of his own work, also exhibiting over 100 other nationally and internationally celebrated glass artists. A
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Glass Blowing ©Daniel D'Auria



Valley of the Moon


The Valley of the Moon was designed to stimulate the imagination of children and to awaken creativity and spirituality in all visitors. Delve into a fantasy land in the desert, with historic Western sites in a magical setting, created by George Phar Legler in the 1920s. Mineralised rock
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Valley of the Moon ©LocalWiki Contributors



Lake Mead and Hoover Dam


The 1.5-million acre Lake Mead Recreation Area was created in 1936 as part of Roosevelt's New Deal programme. A popular excursion from Las Vegas or even Phoenix, Lake Mead is a haven for outdoor recreation like boating, swimming, canoeing, fishing, waterskiing, and even scuba diving. Lak
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Hoover Dam ©Raquel Baranow



Petrified Forest National Park


Located in the northeastern corner of Arizona, Petrified Forest National Park was designated a national monument in 1906. The trees within the park are over 225 million years old, and have over that period transformed into brilliantly-coloured minerals, the world's largest concentration
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Petrified Forest National Park ©Finetooth



Kingman


Kingman is a nostalgic tourist destination in Arizona. Located in the northeastern corner of the state, between the Grand Canyon and Las Vegas, the city is a popular fuelling stop between the two destinations; however, Kingman is most famous for having been a major stop along the celebra
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Kingman, Arizona ©JlsElsewhere



Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park


Located surprisingly close to downtown Phoenix, the Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park is the site of the remains of a 1,500-year-old Hohokam village. The site is a National Historic Landmark and the largest preserved archaeological site in the region. Mysteriously abandoned ar
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Pueblo Grande ©Offworlder



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