1-604-718-2600
info@uniglobe.com
Destination Guides


Pennsylvania

General   Weather   Airports   Attractions   Activities  

Introduction

Amish Buggy ©TheCadExpert

One of the original 13 colonies to be settled in the United States, Pennsylvania was founded by an English Quaker, William Penn, in the 17th century, giving the state its name, which literally means Penn's Woods. There are certainly woods in Pennsylvania, particularly in the Allegheny National Forest in the north, but there is a great deal more besides in this diverse state, which spans more than 300 miles (483km) from Delaware Bay to the Great Lakes.


Above all else Pennsylvania is probably the most historically significant state in the nation, particularly its main population hub, the eastern seaboard city of Philadelphia, where America's founding fathers shaped the nation after Independence. The Liberty Bell seldom tolls today, but it draws millions of visitors annually to the city's Historic Independence National Park.


The other main metropolis of Pennsylvania is Pittsburgh, on the western side of the state, where the smoke-belching steel mills of the early 20th century have given way to urban redevelopment intended to highlight the region's natural beauty.


In between its two major cities, Pennsylvania, bounded by six other states (New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia and Ohio), offers honeymoon retreats, family resorts, ski lodges, an eclectic mix of architecture, historic treasures, panoramic cityscapes, pastoral beauty, artists' colonies and country inns. Whatever a visitor wants out of a sojourn in this state, he or she is bound to find. Even chocolate lovers will discover paradise here, for this is the location of Hershey, home of the world-famous Hershey Bar, which offers up its favourite Chocolate World attraction for the tasting.


The state capital is the city of Harrisburg in the north, with an exceptionally handsome capitol building, the impressive State Museum covering Pennsylvania's 300-year history, and the National Civil War Museum which focuses on the human side of the conflict.


Climate Info

Like all other US States lying in the continental zone, Pennsylvania's climate varies according to area and altitude, and though the state experiences four seasons, each can vary in temperature depending on location. Summers, in general, tend to be long, hot and humid, particularly in the southeast. The mountainous areas are likely to be cooler and although humid, they are usually less so. Autumns are generally moderate and pleasant (a good time to travel to Pennsylvania), while winters are cold and snowy, especially in the mountains. The area around Lake Erie usually experiences cooler temperatures, with the lake regulating the change of seasons. July tends to be the state's warmest month, and although temperatures can reach over 90°F (32°C) in the southeast and southwestern areas (near Pittsburgh), average temperatures are usually about 80°F (27°C). January is the coldest time of year, with temperatures dropping to about 23°F (-5°C). Tornadoes and floods can occur.


Getting Around

The city of Philadelphia is well-equipped with public transport, most of it run by SEPTA (Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority). There is a subway system, but this does not serve the city centre and is mainly useful for accessing the extremities of the city. Good, reliable buses are the main standby, particularly the purple PHLASH bus service that is designed for visitors. The PHLASH route loops through downtown covering numerous major attractions near about 22 stops. PHLASH buses operate daily between May and September, between about 10am and 6pm, with a more limited service between September and December. A single ride costs $2, and day passes cost $5. Through the rest of the city and suburbs SEPTA buses cover numerous fixed routes and SEPTA also runs a good network of commuter trains serving the suburbs. Taxis are plentiful in the city centre, but scarcer elsewhere, particularly at night. It is possible to rent cars, but not strictly necessary, although having a vehicle can be useful for those wanting to explore farther afield.


Philadelphia International Airport (PHL)

LocationThe airport is located seven miles (11km) from downtown Philadelphia.
Time DifferenceGMT -5 (GMT -4 from the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November).
Contacts

Tel: +1 215 937 6937.

Transfer terminals

Philadelphia International Airport consists of seven terminals (A East, A West, B, C, D, E, and F). Terminal F is the only building not directly connected to the others, but free shuttles connect it to Terminal A and Terminal C.

Getting to city

Public transport is operated by SEPTA, which provides a high-speed rail service between the airport terminals and central Philadelphia, which is the fastest connection to the city centre. Fares are $8 one way (if purchased from the train conductor). Trains depart every 30 minutes between 5am and midnight every day, and the journey takes about 25 minutes. SEPTA Bus Routes 37, 108 and 115 also run to downtown Philadelphia. Taxis, shuttles and rental cars are also available.

Car Rental

Car rental agencies represented at the airport include Alamo, Avis, Budget, Dollar, Enterprise, Hertz and National. Information phones are available in all baggage claim areas for each of the car rental agencies.

Airpor Taxis

Taxis are available day and night; they are metered but charge a flat rate of $28.50 for transport to the city centre. Taxis are found on the Commercial Transportation Roadway in Zone 5.

Airport Facilities

Airport facilities are comprehensive, with banks, ATMs, and currency exchange facilities; numerous restaurants, cafes and fast food outlets; and myriad shops, including duty-free.

Car Parking

Short-term parking at Philadelphia International Airport costs $4 for half an hour and $2 per 30 minutes thereafter, up to a daily maximum of $40. Long-term garage parking has similar hourly rates, but the daily rate is just $20. The Economy Lot costs just $11 per day and is connected to the terminal via a free shuttle service. A free Cell Phone Waiting Lot is available.

Depature TaxNone.
Websitewww.phl.org


Pittsburgh International Airport (PIT)

LocationThe airport is located about 14 miles (22km) west of central Pittsburgh.
Time DifferenceGMT -5 (GMT -4 from second Sunday in March to first Sunday in November).
Contacts

Tel: + 1 412 472 3525.

Transfer terminals

The Landside and Airside terminals are linked by a moving walkway.

Getting to city

Several limousine, taxi and shuttle bus companies service the airport, providing transport to the city and nearby centres. Public transportation is limited to the Port Authority Transit's 28X Airport Flyer, which departs roughly every 30 minutes, connecting to central Pittsburgh for approximately $3.75.

Car Rental

Car hire companies represented at the airport include Alamo, Hertz, Enterprise, Avis, Budget, Dollar, National and Payless.

Airpor Taxis

Taxis are readily available at the airport.

Airport Facilities

There are a wide variety of shops, restaurants and bars in the two terminals. There are also ATMs, currency exchange services and an information desk in the Landside Terminal. Disabled facilities are good.

Car Parking

Short-term parking is available just outside the terminal. It costs $1 for the first hour, and $4 per hour thereafter, up to $24 per day. Long-term parking at Pittsburgh International Airport costs $13 per day, and the extended-stay lots are just $8 per day.

Depature TaxNone.
Websitewww.pitairport.com


Lehigh Valley International Airport (ABE)

LocationThe airport is located six miles (10km) from Allentown city centre.
Time DifferenceGMT -5 (GMT -4, from mid-March to the first Sunday in November)
Getting to city

Taxis, public buses and shuttles are available at the airport to transport passengers to the city centre, and car rental is also available.

Car Rental

Car rental companies represented the airport include Avis, Alamo, Budget, Enterprise and Hertz, among others.

Airpor Taxis

Several taxi companies service the airport.

Airport Facilities

Facilities are quite limited at this airport, but travellers will find ATMs, facilities for the disabled, public telephones, luggage carts and a conference room, as well as coffee shops, a pub and a gift shop.

Car Parking

The airport offers both long-term and short-term parking options with 10 minutes free parking. Located adjacent to the terminal, short-term parking is convenient and costs $2 per hour. Long-term parking is located next to the terminal and costs $14 per day.

Websitewww.flylvia.com


University State Airport (SCE)

LocationThe airport is situated five miles (8km) from downtown State College.
Time DifferenceGMT -5 (GMT -4 from the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November).
Getting to city

There is no public transport to the airport, but taxis, shuttles and rental cars are available.

Car Rental

Alamo, National, Avis and Hertz are represented at the airport.

Airpor Taxis

A number of taxi companies service the airport and can be called from a phone near the baggage claim area.

Airport Facilities

State College Airport is small, but there is a cafe and an ATM, and disabled facilities are good.

Car Parking

The first 30 minutes of parking are free at the airport, thereafter it costs $1 per hour, up to a daily maximum of $9.

Websitewww.universityparkairport.com


Erie International Airport Tom Ridge Field (ERI)

LocationThe airport is situated five miles (8km) southwest of Erie.
Time DifferenceGMT -5 (GMT -4 from the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November).
Getting to city

The Erie Metropolitan Transit Authority provides regular public bus service to and from the airport on bus routes 31 and 32. Bus fare is $1.45. Taxis, shuttles and rental cars are also available.

Car Rental

Alamo, Avis, Hertz, National and Enterprise are represented at the airport.

Airpor Taxis

Erie Yellow Cab taxis service the airport and an approximate taxi fare to downtown Erie is $20. It is best to arrange taxi pickup in advance.

Airport Facilities

Airport facilities include an ATM, an information desk, a lost and found, a restaurant, a gift shop and vending machines.

Car Parking

The first 20 minutes of parking are free at the airport. In the short-term lot parking costs $3 for the first hour and $2 for each additional hour, up to a daily maximum of $15. In the long-term lot the hourly rates are the same, but the daily maximum is $12.

Websitewww.erieairport.org


Wilkes-Barre / Scranton International Airport (AVP)

LocationThe airport is situated eight miles (14km) from downtown Scranton.
Time DifferenceGMT -5 (GMT -4 from the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November).
Getting to city

Taxis and rental cars are available at the airport and a number of hotels offer shuttles for their guests.

Car Rental

Avis, Budget, Enterprise, Hertz and National are represented at the airport.

Airpor Taxis

Best Value is the only ground transportation service authorised to operate in the airport. There is a Best Value desk in the baggage claim area where taxis can be ordered.

Airport Facilities

Airport facilities include a business centre, a meditation room, an information centre, a restaurant, a gift shop, massage chairs, pay phones, an ATM, a conference room and vending machines.

Car Parking

The first 15 minutes are free in all airport-parking areas. Lots charge $2 for the first two hours or less, $1.50 for each additional half an hour in the parking garage, and $1.50 per hour in the surface lot. The daily maximums are $9 in the parking garage and $12 for the surface lot; weekly maximums are $72 and $54 respectively.

Websitewww.flyavp.com


Capital City Airport (HAR)

LocationThe airport is situated three miles (5km) southeast of Harrisburg
Time DifferenceGMT -5 (GMT -4 from mid-March to first Sunday in November).
Getting to city

Capital Area Transit System (CATS) buses provide service to and from the airport on Route 7. Taxis, shuttles and rental cars are also available.

Car Rental

Car rental companies represented at the airport include Avis, Budget, Hertz and Alamo, among others.

Airpor Taxis

Taxis are generally available; they wait for passengers outside the airport, and can be organised in advance.

Airport Facilities

Facilities are limited at this airport, but all basic passenger needs should be met.

Car Parking

Parking is available at the airport, with a fee of $4.40 an hour.

Websitewww.flycxy.com


Independence National Historical Park


On 8 July 1776, the Liberty Bell rang out from the tower of Independence Hall summoning citizens to hear the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence. Today the Hall stands proudly, revered as the birthplace of the American nation, in Independence National Historical Park,
▼ see more


Governor's Council Chamber ©Artico2



Franklin Institute Science Museum


One of Philadelphia's most visited museums, the Franklin Institute on Benjamin Franklin Parkway opened in 1934 and fast became recognised for its innovative and imaginative exhibits that demonstrate the influence of science in our lives. The museum complex is divided into four sections.
▼ see more


Franklin Institute ©Z22



Philadelphia Museum of Art


Philadelphia's elegant art museum, established in the 1870s, houses a permanent collection of more than 225,000 works in 200 galleries, recognised as being one of the finest art collections in the US. Exhibits include not only magnificent paintings, but also sculptures, period furniture
▼ see more


Art Museum Pediment ©Ed Uthman



Franklin Court


Part of the Independence National Historical Park, the area between 3rd and 4th Streets is where the home of America's most remarkable historic figure, Benjamin Franklin, once stood. The house no longer exists, but the remaining courtyard has been covered with a 54-foot-high (16m) steel
▼ see more


Franklin Court ©Elisa.rolle



Philadelphia Zoo


Philadelphia's state-of-the-art zoo, opened in 1874, was the first in the United States and today takes first place as one of the world's most renowned zoological gardens with its wonderful animal exhibits, award-winning education and conservation programmes, recreational opportunities,
▼ see more


Tigers ©fPat Murray



Doylestown


The city of Doylestown, about 25 miles (40km) north of Philadelphia in the centre of Bucks County (of which it is the county capital), is renowned for its Historic District, which contains more than 1,000 structures dating from between 1851 and 1910. This treasure-trove of architectural
▼ see more


Mercer Museum, Doylestown ©Jared Kofsky



Dutch Country


Rated as one of the most popular summer drives in America, a tour of Pennsylvania's Dutch Country is a relaxing and rewarding experience, enjoyed by millions of visitors every year. Central to the area is Pennsylvania's scenic Lancaster County, just one and a half hour's drive west of Ph
▼ see more


Amish Buggy, Lancaster ©David Wilson



Gettysburg National Military Park


The small town of Gettysburg, in Adam's County, south central Pennsylvania, was the site of the largest Civil War battle ever waged in the Western Hemisphere and the inspiration for Abraham Lincoln's celebrated 'Gettysburg Address'. The bloody Battle of Gettysburg started on July 1, 1863
▼ see more


Gettysburg National Military Park ©Muhranoff



Hershey’s Chocolate World


No chocolate lover should miss out on the treat of visiting Hershey's Chocolate World in the town where chocolate making has become an art. Hershey, billed as 'the sweetest place on earth', is about 90 miles (145km) from Philadelphia via Lancaster. A free-of-charge simulated factory tour
▼ see more


Hershey's Chocolate World ©Jim, the Photographer



Brandywine Valley


About 35 miles (63km) west of Philadelphia, on US 1 (accessible by bus and train), is the scenic cultural and historical hub of the Brandywine Valley, sprinkled with magical natural landscapes, country inns, fascinating museums and beautiful gardens in the heart of Chester County. Visito
▼ see more


Longwood Gardens ©Jill Constantine



Carnegie Museums


In 1895 Pittsburgh industrialist Andrew Carnegie established an institute, which he intended to improve and educate local people. Today his ideal has been realised in the form of a collection of four museums funded by the Carnegie Institute: a Museum of Art, Natural History, a Science Ce
▼ see more


Carnegie Music Hall ©HoboJones



National Aviary


Situated in historic West Park, on Pittsburgh's North Side, a few minutes from downtown, is the National Aviary, America's only independent indoor non-profit bird zoo. The Aviary is home to more than 600 birds of more than 200 species, many of which are threatened or endangered. From hum
▼ see more


Golden Conures ©Benny Mazur



Point State Park


Pittsburgh's Point State Park, formerly a slum land, has been turned into a recreational delight and declared a National Historic Landmark for the strategic role played here during the French and Indian War in the mid-1700s. The site features paved promenades along the Ohio riverfront, o
▼ see more


Point State Park ©John Marino



Please Touch Museum


The Please Touch Museum, located in Memorial Hall in Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, is a shining example of what must be one of the rarest cultural attractions anywhere in the world: a museum where children are actually encouraged to lay their hands on the exhibits. Mainly aimed at kids a
▼ see more


Dentzel Carousel ©Smallbones



PNC Park


Since its opening in 2001, PNC Park has awed all those who've entered it, and has led many disgruntled Pittsburgh Pirates fans to complain that if only their team's performances could start to match up to the grandeur of their stadium, they'd have a shot at winning the league some time!
▼ see more


PNC Park ©alpineinc



Fallingwater


Just 60 miles (about 95km) southeast of Pittsburgh, on Interstate 76, Fallingwater is a must-see attraction for visitors in the area. The house, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1935 for retail giant Edgar J. Kaufman, is situated among the waterfalls and woods of the beautiful Bear Run
▼ see more


Fallingwater, Pittsburgh ©Carol M. Highsmith



Travel Guide powered by www.wordtravels.com, copyright © Globe Media Ltd. All rights reserved. By its very nature much of the information in this guide is subject to change at short notice and travellers are urged to verify information on which they're relying with the relevant authorities. Globe Media and UNIGLOBE Travel does not accept any responsibility for any loss or inconvenience to any person as a result of information contained above.

UNIGLOBE Travel International LP
World Headquarters
1199 West Pender Street, Suite 900
Vancouver, BC V6E 2R1 CANADA
Phone: 604 718 2600

Facebook   Twitter   Linkedin   Youtube